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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

A brief account of the philosophy of data for college kids analyzing philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a basic advent to these attracted to the topic. Jennifer depended on examines the character of philosophy as a topic for learn and means that it has useful use in addition to highbrow allure because it is worried with constructing our knowing via serious appraisal of the suggestions we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr relied on additionally appears on the technique of a few of the major philosophers of the western international to the philosophy of data. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters mostly curious about the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises some of the techniques and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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Just like ourselves,' I said. ' 'Very well, what of the things being carried along? Would not this be the same? ' 'Then if their prison had an echo from the opposite wall, whenever one of the passing bearers uttered a sound, would they not suppose that the passing shadow must be making the sound? ' 'Indeed I do,' he said. 'If so,' said I, 'such persons would certainly believe that there were no realities except those shadows of handmade things. ' 'So it must be,' said he. 'Now consider,' said I, 'what their release would be like, and their cure from these fetters and their folly; let us imagine whether it might naturally be something like this.

Moreover it is likely that Aristotle had at least as good and very possibly much better understanding of Plato's ideas than we have. As O'Connor says: It has sometimes been suggested that many of Aristotle's criticisms of Plato are unfair and that the theory he attacked is only a caricature of Plato's real views. This may be so. But Aristotle was a pupil of Plato for many years and we may reasonahly suppose him to have been better acquainted with Plato's meaning than any scholar today. (Grit. Hist.

Perhaps the least regarded parts now are his writing on cosmology and physics. Indeed it is still sometimes said that Aristotle held back the progress of scientific knowledge for centuries. I doubt if this is true for his writings epitomise the two fundamental characteristics of scientific inquiry: curiosity about the natural world and the belief that through observation and reason we can acquire knowledge of its nature. Aristotle held that the cosmos was closed and finite.

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