By Gregg Henriques
Difficulty approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for methods to unify the discipline.
A New Unified thought of Psychology introduces a brand new process that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent concept includes 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent strategy to unify a number of the components of the sector. The unified conception offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined material, permitting either educational psychologists could be in a position to enhance a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its family members with different sciences, choosing its key theoretical rules, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of probably nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has an amazing skill to explain, research, and summarize in a number of pages large and intricate parts of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in research details...I specifically loved the extra own info and anecdotes the e-book layout gave him the distance to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure distinct research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the study...All instructed, it's no longer gentle analyzing, but when you get pleasure from pondering massive photo subject matters you will discover loads of nutrients for proposal here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there is not any experience within which each one iteration of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of past generations of researchers… This ebook is written for scientific and learn psychologists, and accordingly avoids this type of mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists contemplate psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the suggestion of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. consequently, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied through physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied by means of biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied through the social sciences. Henriques can pay detailed cognizance to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled via organic evolutionary concept, the Life-Mind junction is modeled through what he calls Behavioral funding thought, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by way of what he calls Justification idea. by means of Behavioral funding concept, Henriques ability primarily the rational selection version of determination, organic and monetary thought, even if he provides a size of complexity to human habit by way of announcing that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that's not safely modeled in average rational selection concept (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game thought as a part of Behavioral funding conception, just because decision-making whilst there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This perspective is uncomplicated to monetary concept. In biology, the extension of determination concept (e.g., foraging thought) to video game conception used to be pioneered through John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now's typical in all of animal habit idea. In Henriques' leading edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by way of an "Influence Matrix," that is a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the selection of behaviors ruled by means of the impression Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding idea is crucial integrating proposal during this booklet. If this precept on my own have been included uniformly all through examine psychology, it can offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified conception of Psychology is terrifically hard, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a examine discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and primary ecu collage, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places various elements of mental study and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also worthy that the booklet has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and expecting the place they're going. … If i may train a graduate-level creation to Psychology, this could be the e-book. If i'll suggest one ebook to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this is able to be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the loss of life of the so-called grand theories provided by way of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a extensive photo of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slim scope. The final result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings without actual means to reply to mammoth questions or to generate a shared normal knowing of the human . This e-book seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified thought of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the occupation and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the method.
A New Unified idea of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any critical attempt to supply integration and harmony inside mental wisdom and realizing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just critical, yet essentially the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, in actual fact articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified concept in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous ebook represents a noble quest to supply a vast, values-based, and clinical framework which holds the ability to prepare our paintings and circulation us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable ebook, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and idea. even though diversified readers will most likely make diversified judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that may possibly encourage psychologists to appear outdoor the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the way to handle the entire variety of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and useful, this booklet is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, in an effort to enable multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend a while familiarizing themselves with the ideas and recommendations offered during this seminal quantity by means of a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Additional resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
The short answer is yes, and Behavioral Investment Theory and the Justification Hypothesis are the respective theories. Behavioral Investment Theory, the third joint point on the ToK System, provides the framework for understanding the evolution of the animal mind, and it is the subject of Chapter 3. The basic idea of Behavioral Investment Theory is that the nervous system has evolved into an energy management investment value system that computes increasingly complex and flexible behaviors. An example here might help get you thinking about the concept.
We often give reasons legitimizing our claims or actions that do not necessarily hide something else. This book can be thought of as a justification for the unified theory but it is not a rationalization. Likewise, laws and scientific theories can be conceived of as justifications, but are not well described as rationalizations. The Nature of Justification Systems 19 The Nature of Justification Systems Although one can always isolate and examine a specific justification, in the real world individual justifications do not exist in isolation.
It is this gap that the unified theory seeks to fill, and it is a gap that cannot be filled within the narrow confines of a research lab. That said, it is also my strident hope and expectation that the concepts and formulations articulated here can lead to rigorous quantitative analyses, and several research projects are currently underway in that regard. Ultimately though, the unified theory will be successful to the extent that it is digested by psychologists and others in a way that leads to a shared language and conceptual foundation, and to a more comprehensive view of human nature that can be useful to humanity at large.