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A Local History of Greek Polytheism: Gods, People and the by Irene Polinskaya

By Irene Polinskaya

This ebook offers the 1st finished and particular learn of the deities and cults of the $64000 Greek island-state of Aigina from the Geometric to Classical classes (800-400 BCE). It rests on an intensive first-hand reconsideration of the archaeological, epigraphic and literary proof. the advance of the neighborhood cults is reconstructed, besides their interrelationships and the way they spoke back to the social wishes of the Aiginetans. Revising different contemporary versions of interpretation, the writer proposes a particular method, expert through anthropology and social concept, to the examine of the non secular lifetime of the traditional Greeks. in this foundation, she makes use of the case of Aigina to discover basic concerns similar to the character and diversity of neighborhood non secular worlds and their courting to the panhellenic options and practices of Greek faith.

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37 But like Esperanto, panhellenism is an artificial entity, recognizable through its individual elements in many historical Greek communities, but in its entirety found in none. 144 who tied religious, linguistic, ethnic, and cultural characteristics in the definition of to hellenikon. 39 Shared ­sanctuaries and festivals do point to the existence of religious ties between the Greeks, but they should not be read as a stand-in for ‘Greek religion’ as a whole.  is articulated in, and through, Panhellenic poetry and the Panhellenic sanctuaries; it was created, in a dispersed and varied way, out of selected elements from certain local systems, at the interface between the (interacting) polis religious systems—which it then also helped to shape.

22 chapter one to the world and mankind. 76 There is however, a nuance of substance, and hence of terminology, which is worth considering. 77 Such divine figures would inhabit the mental world of a local worshipper, but not the physical world of his/ her local cultic practice. Such a mental world of the divine would thus be broader and at the same time more abstract than that of the world of cultic practice. In this way it would be similar to the divine world of poetry, and a grouping of deities associated with the mental picture of the local divine world could be appropriately called a pantheon: the totality of deities within the cognitive world of a worshipper.

89 defines idolatry as “the extension to numerous divinities of what is reserved for the one true God,” cf. Protrepticus 4. ” “Paganismus, a singular religious environment, is a word invented by the fourth-century Christians so that they can talk about ‘it’ in the same breath as they talk about Christianity and Judaism” (Dowden 2000, 3). 11 Nilsson 1940. ‘Popular religion’ is used as a term distinguishing “the unreflective piety of the ‘ordinary Greek’ ” (Rowe 1976, 51) from theological ideas of philosophers.

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