By Axel Gelfert
Covering present literature and significant debates, A serious advent to Testimony discusses the epistemic prestige of testimony-based ideals, relates alterations to proper advancements in different components and gives a serious point of view on present and destiny learn traits. Devoting house to either the purposes of social epistemology and the bigger conceptual problems with wisdom, Gelfert not just introduces the epistemology of testimony; he deals an up to date creation to epistemology. built with a mixture of learn questions, examples, and proposals for additional analyzing, scholars of up to date epistemology will locate this a competent advisor to learning testimony as a resource of knowledge.
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Additional info for A Critical Introduction to Testimony
M. the night before and only accidentally displays the correct time. Although my belief is true and justified, it does not constitute knowledge. 46 A CRITICAL INTRODUCTION TO TESTIMONY Such Gettier cases led to the search for what has been called the ‘missing fourth condition’: a condition that, if added to the tripartite account, would prevent beliefs from being ‘Gettiered’. The collective failure to identify such a condition has led to a growing sense of dissatisfaction with the project of conceptual analysis as applied to the concept of knowledge.
Unfortunately, by erring on the side of inclusiveness, the broad view appears to overshoot the mark: it declares too many expressions of thought contents to be instances of testimony – including some that, by the lights of our ordinary understanding of the term, should not be counted as testimony at all. ] When you hear an actor on the stage say ‘I have supped full with horrors’, you do not think he is complaining about rationing, and you 32 A CRITICAL INTRODUCTION TO TESTIMONY know that his statements are not intended to be believed.
And he does not intend to convey a belief to the audience. But since the broad view explicitly waives the requirements of belief and intention on the part of the speaker, so as to allow for lying testimony and for the possibility of merely overheard testimony, ‘adding on’ restrictions for special contexts such as theatrical make-believe would seem ad hoc at best and incoherent at worst. An obvious alternative approach would be to make explicit the specific conditions that an act of communication must satisfy in order to count as testimony proper, in contrast to non-testimonial utterances.