By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Hermann D. Schubert MD
Offers an outline of the constitution and serve as of the retina and its dating to the pigment epithelium, choroid and vitreous. Describes the foremost vitreoretinal issues and acceptable diagnostic equipment and remedy principles.
In its final significant revision, part 12 was once re-organized into 3 components. Separate chapters are actually dedicated to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, together with the newest imaging recommendations and choroidal aspect. chosen healing issues contain laser remedy and vitreoretinal surgery.
Upon crowning glory of part 12, readers may be capable to:
Select acceptable tools of exam and ancillary experiences for the prognosis of vitreoretinal disorders
Describe the foundations of clinical and surgical procedure of vitreoretinal disorders
Incorporate facts from significant potential medical trials within the administration of chosen vitreoretinal issues
Read Online or Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous PDF
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Additional info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 12: Retina and Vitreous
Pediatric ERGs can be performed without general anesthesia, although oral sedation is sometimes necessary (Fig 3-8). Anesthesia can depress the ERG responses. 8 I I I l I Latency difference I I , = 9 ms , I ' Time scale = 5 ms/div Time scale= 5 ms/div ERG in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). The right eye is normal. The affected left eye shows a mild reduction in b-wave amplitude but a striking delay in the latency of the flicker responses. The implicit time (arrows) of the responses from the left eye is longer than the interval between peaks, a sign that is strongly suggestive of diffuse damage to the retina .
Recherches sur la fovea de la retine humaine et particulierement sur le bouquet des cones centraux. Arch Anat Microsc. 1907(IX):315- 342. Worst JGF, Los LL Cisternal Anatomy of the Vitreous. Amsterdam: Kugler; 1995. • CHAPTER 2 Diagnostic Approach to Retinal Disease Techniques of Examination Diagnosing retinal disease requires a combination of careful clinical examination and specialized imaging techniques. The macula can be examined without pupillary dilation, but to perform a complete retinal examination, the pupil should be fully dilated.
Arch Anat Microsc. 1907(IX):315- 342. Worst JGF, Los LL Cisternal Anatomy of the Vitreous. Amsterdam: Kugler; 1995. • CHAPTER 2 Diagnostic Approach to Retinal Disease Techniques of Examination Diagnosing retinal disease requires a combination of careful clinical examination and specialized imaging techniques. The macula can be examined without pupillary dilation, but to perform a complete retinal examination, the pupil should be fully dilated. 5% phenylephrine, and 1% cyclopentolate. In general, longer-acting dilating drugs are not required.